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Does Intelligent Design “Prove” God’s Existence?

February 8, 2015

Apologetics Course BasicUnit 5 Handout: “Does Intelligent Design ‘Prove’ God’s Existence?”

1.        Questions and Answers from Last Week’s Discussions and the Readings for This Evening

2.        Quiz and Review of Quiz

3.        Follow-Up Discussion: Chapter 3: Does God Exist? The Design Argument
a.        The Watchmaker
b.        The Argument
c.        The History
d.        Different Flavors of the Argument
e.        Fine-Tuning as Design
f.        Information as Design
g.        Complexity as Design
h.        Tactical Note
i.        Conclusion

4.        Article: David D. Gebhard, “An Overview of Intelligent Design,”
a.        Discussion

5.        Redux: Second Law of Thermodynamics (Increasing entropy or unavailable energy)

6.        Introduction: The Moral Argument
a.        Existential Questions: Am I Good? (What Good am I?) Am I a Good Person? What if I am Not a Good Person?
i.        Why do I Doubt my Goodness? Why do I Care? Why does Anybody Care?

7.        Moral Principles (“Values”) are Metaphysical
a.        And yet all humans seem to have a built-in sense of right and wrong.
b.        Compare: Romans 2:14-15

8.        C.S. Lewis’ Argument
a.        Everyone knows, and so believes, that there are objective moral truths.
b.        Objective moral laws are very peculiar in that they are quite unlike Laws of Nature and “natural” facts.
c.        The hypothesis that there is an intelligence behind, or beyond, the natural facts that implants the knowledge of right and wrong in us and serves as the foundation for good judgments and the best explanation of objective moral facts.
d.        Conclusion: The existence and nature of objective moral facts supports the existence of an intelligence behind them serving as their basis and foundation.

9.        Moral Absolutes: Objective, Eternal and Universal
a.        Christian Moral Absolutism:
i.        Absolute standards against which moral questions are evaluated;
ii.       Certain actions are considered inherently right or wrong;
iii.      Opposed to philosophical and moral relativism (i.e., the view that all truths are relative to social, cultural, historical constructs, paradigms, or preferences);
iv.      The infinite-personal God is the source of moral absolutism;
v.        Moral laws are discoverable and knowable regardless of time, place, or context.
b.        Objections
i.        Morality is cultural
ii.       Morality is relative
iii.      The presence of Evil disproves a moral God
iv.      Morality either is arbitrarily imposed by God or is outside of Him
v.        The Is/Ought Objection

10.      Atheist Explanation for Morals
a.        Social Contract (Compare atrocities of Hitler, ISIS, etc.)
b.        Herd Instinct (Are herds, or instincts, always right or deserving of survival?)
c.        Psychological (“Value” judgments regarding others’ behavior; Ought/ought-not persists)
d.        Ethical Framework (Sufficient rational ethical theory … developed by elite ethicists?)
e.        Categorical Imperative (But can “immoral” principles be applied unversally?)
f.        Happiness (Is greatest happiness of greatest number necessarily moral?)
g.        Emergent Property (But is there evidence that morality is emerging from the physical world?)
h.        Part of Reality (Moral Realism)

11.      Compare: The Christian Position: Moral principles (“ought”) are necessarily personal, universal, available for critique of behavior, and readily accessed by actors.

12.      Biblical Articulation: Leviticus 19:2; 1 Samuel 2:2; Isaiah 5:16; Zephaniah 3:5; Psalm 19:7, 9; 2 Corinthians 7:1
a.        So what: Romans 3:23; 6:23; 10:9

13.      Quick Review:
a.        What does the cosmological argument tell us of God?
b.        Taken together, what do the teleological and moral arguments tell us of God?

14.      Conclusion: Colossians 2:8; 4:5-6

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